International Tiger Day 2022: Once the number of tigers was in lakhs, know why it was less and now how much.

International Tiger Day 2022: Once the number of tigers was in lakhs, know why it was less and now how much.

World Tiger Day 2022: Today is World Tiger Day, read here important facts related to Tiger Day.

World Tiger Day is celebrated to protect tigers and save their species from extinction. World Tiger Day is celebrated all over the world on 29th July.

International Tiger Day 2022: Once the number of tigers was in lakhs, know why it was less and now how much.


World Tiger Day 2022: Global Tiger Day or International Tiger Day is celebrated every year on 29 July to raise awareness about the declining population of wild cats and their conservation efforts. Its goal is to promote a global system to protect the natural habitats of tigers and to increase public awareness and support for tiger conservation issues. This year is the 12th International Tiger Day.


World Tiger Day or International Tiger Day: Significance

According to WWF experts, in the last 100 years, about 97 percent of the world's wild tiger population has declined. There are currently only 3,000 tigers alive, compared to about 100,000 tigers a century ago. Several international organizations including the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) and the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) are also engaged in the conservation of wild tigers. Tigers are of different colors like white tiger, white tiger with black stripes, brown tiger with black stripes and golden tiger and watching them walking can be a wonderful sight. Till now Bali Tiger, Caspian Tiger, Javan Tiger and Tiger Hybrid are the species which have become extinct.


History of International Tiger Day

Global Tiger Day came into existence in 2010 during the signing of the Saint Petersburg Declaration by 13 tiger range countries in Russia. The governments of these tiger range countries had pledged to encourage conservation to protect natural habitats and double the number of tigers by 2022. Poaching and illegal trade in tiger body parts such as bone and skin are the biggest threats to wild tigers. The demand for tiger body parts has increased the poaching and smuggling of wild cats.


different species of tigers

Siberian tiger, Bengal tiger, Indochinese tiger, Malay tiger and South China tiger. Bengal tigers are mainly found in India, whose population is also less in Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Myanmar. It is the largest of all tiger subspecies, with over 2,500 left in the wild.

International Tiger Day 2022: Once the number of tigers was in lakhs, know why it was less and now how much.


importance of tiger conservation

  • goog_2124087149 Tiger conservation is a symbol of conservation of forests.

  •  The tiger is a unique animal that plays an important role in a health ecosystem and its diversity.

  •  .It is a high consumer of a food chain that is at the top of the food chain and keeps wild (mainly large mammal) populations under control.

  • In this way, the tiger helps to maintain a balance between the herbivorous animals by hunting and the vegetation on which they depend for food.

  • The purpose of tiger conservation is not just to save a beautiful animal.

  • It is also helpful in ensuring that we live longer because as a result of this protection we get ecological services like clean air, water, pollination, temperature regulation etc.

  • Apart from this, the importance of tiger conservation can be shown by the report “Status of Leopards, Co-predators and Herbivores-2018” (Status of Leopards, Co-predators and Megaherbivores- 2018).

  • This is a significant increase from the year 2014, which was 7,910 in the forested natural habitats of 18 tiger-rich states of the country.

  • This report is proof that the conservation of tigers protects the entire ecosystem.


Tiger conservation projects in india

Project Tiger 1973: It is a centrally sponsored scheme of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) launched in the year 1973. It provides shelter to tigers in the national parks of the country.

International Tiger Day 2022: Once the number of tigers was in lakhs, know why it was less and now how much.

National Tiger Conservation Authority: It is a statutory body under MoEFCC and was established in the year 2005 following the recommendations of Tiger Task Force.

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